Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707), the sovereign of India from 1658 to 1707 was the last of the incomparable Mughal rulers. Under him the Mughal Empire reach its pinnacle, in spite of the fact that his strategies led to its ultimate disintegration. Aurangzeb was seemingly the most impressive and wealthiest leader of his day. His almost 50-year rule impacted the political scene of early modern India.
Historians assess Aurangzeb not by current norms yet as per the customs and estimations of his own time, portraying Aurangzeb as an unpredictable figure whose relationship to Islam was dynamic, strategic, and now and again conflicting. When Aurangzeb died after a rule of almost 49 years, he left an empire not yet moribund but confronted with a number of menacing problems. The failure of his son’s successors to cope with them led to the collapse of the empire in the mid-18th century.
Here is a video lecture on the Mughal empire and its emperors, including Aurangzeb.