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Author Trilla, Guillem ♦ Trilla, Antoni ♦ Daer, Carolyn
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Oxford University Press
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Microorganisms, fungi & algae ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Personal health & safety ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Viruses ♦ Organisms ♦ Virus Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Humanities ♦ Humanities ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Disease Outbreaks ♦ History ♦ Influenza, Human ♦ Epidemiology ♦ History, 20th Century ♦ Humans ♦ Influenza A Virus, H1n1 Subtype ♦ Isolation & Purification ♦ Spain ♦ Historical Article ♦ Journal Article ♦ Review ♦ Discipline Infectious Diseases
Abstract The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic was the most devastating epidemic in modern history. Here, we review epidemiological and historical data about the 1918-1919 influenza epidemic in Spain. On 22 May 1918, the epidemic was a headline in Madrid's ABC newspaper. The infectious disease most likely reached Spain from France, perhaps as the result of the heavy railroad traffic of Spanish and Portuguese migrant workers to and from France. The total numbers of persons who died of influenza in Spain were officially estimated to be 147,114 in 1918, 21,235 in 1919, and 17,825 in 1920. However, it is likely that >260,000 Spaniards died of influenza; 75% of these persons died during the second period of the epidemic, and 45% died during October 1918 alone. The Spanish population growth index was negative for 1918 (net loss, 83,121 persons). Although a great deal of evidence indicates that the 1918 A(H1N1) influenza virus unlikely originated in and spread from Spain, the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic will always be known as the Spanish flu.
Spatial Coverage Spain
Description Country affiliation: Spain
Author Affiliation: Trilla A ( Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer, University of Barcelona and Centre de Recerca en Salut Internacional de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. atrilla@ub.edu)
ISSN 10584838
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2008-09-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15376591
Journal Clinical Infectious Diseases
Volume Number 47
Issue Number 5


Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus